Theodor Herzl and Max Nordau were prominent figures in the Zionist movement during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Theodor Herzl, born in Budapest in 1860, was a Jewish journalist and the founder of modern political Zionism. He is best known for his influential book “Der Judenstaat” (The Jewish State), published in 1896, in which he argued for the establishment of a Jewish homeland to address the issues of anti-Semitism.
Max Nordau, also born in Budapest in 1849, was a physician, author, and a close associate of Herzl. Nordau was a key figure in the Zionist Congresses and played a significant role in promoting the idea of a Jewish homeland. He emphasized the importance of physical and cultural revival for the Jewish people and believed in the creation of a modern, self-sufficient Jewish state.
In the series:
Jan. 31: From the Edict of Toleration to World War I
Feb. 7: Theodor Herzl and Max Nordau of Budapest
Feb. 14: The “Jewish/Soviet” Revolution, the White Terror, and Admiral Horthy triumphant.
Feb. 21: Hungary 1919-1944 and the fate of the Jews